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In the former type, the violin is usually responsible for primary melodic material while the other three instruments play supportive roles.

The first violin is consistently involved in the primary melody, and the bottom three instruments are equally as involved in maintaining harmonic support. This texture is thick, and unchanged. In the second type of texture, the four voices are still of equal with balanced importance, but without the tradeoff among roles. In some instances, this texture-type appears monorhythmically, in which all four voices harmonically support each other, but are rhythmically in unison, while at other times, the instruments act as a fugue. Each quartet has one movement Op. In the three fugues, for which Opus 20 is best known, the voices are naturally and completely balanced; they establish and maintain a consistent, symmetrical texture and play the same material.

String Octet, Op (Mendelssohn, Felix) - IMSLP: Free Sheet Music PDF Download

The unvarying balanced textures provide little in terms of evolving personality to Op. Many themes in Op.

Ludwig van Beethoven

They develop as a narrative over time, and Haydn utilizes texture as his main tool of evolution. The moniker refers to the recurring use of grace notes, which create a chirp-like effect.

More than a sales pitch: Evolving Textures in Op. 33 versus Symmetrical Textures in Op. 20

Like a storyteller, Haydn establishes a character, one that is an active member of many habitats. When the character is first introduced, its surrounding elements are thick, like a leafy tree atop which it chirps. The first violin chirps, and the surrounding texture results from the accompaniment of the three remaining instruments. This accompaniment is, at first, quiet and staccato, yet continuous and harmonically strong. Then, after the first two chirps are heard, the accompanying music crescendos and all three accompanying instruments play relatively slow-moving harmonies to support the melody.

Figure 3. The second appearance of the theme m. The first time we hear the theme in a new setting, in the dominant, and accompanied by only the second violin Figure 3. Here the second violin plays a quickly moving accompanying line, providing the theme with more motion than has previously been heard.

Schubert - n.14 & n.9

Furthermore in measure 43 the first violin again controls the primary role, but the surrounding elements have changed dramatically since the beginning of the movement. Instead of holding to a repetitive, consistent balanced structure, the four instruments are used primarily as tools for shaping and developing thematic material. The cello plays an important role in the new textures of Op.

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In Op. The relatively few passages in which the cello assumes a more active role in Op.

Kuhlau : Sonatina Op. 20, No. 1 (1/3 : Allegro)

Schumann Lieder. I enjoyed it tremendously. John Luther Adams Become Desert concealing a terrifying message. Charpentier screams quality.

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Surprise of the month. English Coronation, magnificent achievement. I previously had the opportunity to review the four sonatas featured in Volume 5 of this series, and included at the time a fair amount of general background, both on the composer and the sonatas as a whole. Volume 6 contains four more sonatas from , three of which are world-premiere recordings this time. As with the previous volume, virtuosity once more rubs shoulders with drama and elegance. The CD begins with the Sonata No 21 in E flat major, the third and final one from the Op 17 set which, like its two predecessors on the previous CD, is a two-movement work.

In his informative sleeve-notes, Kemp English specifically alludes to various perceived similarities here between the two composers, but this is, of course, no surprise, and it would equally be possible to find similar examples from Haydn and early Beethoven. The development proceeds conventionally enough, though it spends most of its time in the minor key, working out material from this closing theme, before the recapitulation returns us to the home key, with a pleasantly extended close.

The theme is gentle and expressive, while the first episode is more agitated, and has far greater impetus from the triplets used. The second episode again picks up on the triplet figuration, and is largely in the minor key. It provides welcome contrast, not only by way of its tonality, but also its extended length. Triplets also make another brief appearance in the closing bars. The rest of the CD is devoted to the three sonatas from Op 20, written a year later.

  1. Septet (Beethoven).
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  3. HAYDN String Quartets Op 20 (complete).
  4. Dunkle Halunken: Roman (German Edition).
  5. These are now all fully-fledged three movement works, still ending in a Rondeau: Allegretto, but now preceded by a fast and slow movement respectively. Sonata No 22 in F, Op 20 No 1 opens with a brisk Allegro in triple time, and, the first thing that strikes the listener is that, as was the case on the previous CD, English has now changed instruments for the new opus number. He uses two replica fortepianos — a Downie, with a distinctive bright tone for the single Op 17 work, and the mellower Wolf for Op There is no customary repeat of the opening exposition this time, and the music launches straightaway into the development section, with quite an abrupt key change into the minor.

    There now follows a true slow movement — a lyrical Adagio in the subdominant key of B flat, in ternary form A-B-A , and a short coda over a tonic pedal — shifting harmonies anchored here above repeated B flats in the bass. Perhaps he now felt that, moving to a three-movement structure, a single episode would suffice in terms of maintaining overall balance. Sonata No 23 in C opens brightly with a fanfare-like theme and, on this occasion, the exposition is repeated.

    As we have seen before, when the composer begins the development, he is not afraid to plunge in with a different key, and this quite often in the opposite tonality. Otherwise the development progresses here in an orderly fashion, leading back to the recapitulation, which, too, has no surprises in store.